In the Spanish language, "doblón" means "double". The Spanish doubloon was the predecessor for many other gold coins throughout Europe. The French, Swiss and German's soon minted their own gold coins.
The value of these Spanish doubloons was 32-reales, or 2 escudos.
This doubloon weighs in at (0.218 troy ounces), or 6.77 g. Many doubloons were minted in Peru, Mexico and Spain.
Eventually these gold coins were minted in four denominations worth 1, 2, 4, and 8 escudos individually.
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The design on the front of the Spanish doubloon carries the coat of arms of the Hapsburg royal family. The Hapsburg Shield is part of the lineage of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, the king and queen best known for sending Christopher Columbus on his historic voyage.
The reverse side of the coin carries the Crusaders cross, which was a sign of both religion and government for Spain in the 16th and 17th century.
The Spanish doubloon was minted entirely by hand. Excess metal was trimmed away to make each coin weigh exactly the same. Because each coin was handcrafted individually, doubloons are not perfectly round.